We the everyone loves and honor the Stars and Stripes but have not learned its whole truth
A artwork by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (circa 1920) of Betsy Ross and George Washington (far left)
Americans love our banner. We show it at concerts and stadiums to commemorate, as well as times during the nationwide tragedy showing our resolve.
We now have our schoolchildren pledge allegiance to it; we http://www.edubirdies.org/do-my-homework/ now have consecrated it within our national anthem; we have actually a vacation, Flag Day, to honor it every June 14, also own it on prominent display when it comes to Fourth of July.
Yet the iconography and reputation for the US banner, particularly its very very early history, are infused with misconception and misrepresentation. Listed here are five of the very most common urban myths.
Myth # 1: Betsy Ross made the initial US banner.
The Betsy Ross tale is considered the most piece that is tenacious of concerning the banner. There just isn’t any legitimate historical proof — letters, diaries, magazine reports, bills of purchase — that Ross (then known as Elizabeth Claypoole) either made or possessed a submit creating the US banner before it made its first in 1777.
The storyline cropped up in 1870, nearly a century following the very first banner had been supposedly sewn, whenever William Canby, Ross’ grandson, told the Historical Society of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia that their grandmother made the banner at George Washington’s behest. Canby’s evidence that is sole affidavits from nearest and dearest. The iconic 1893 artwork of Ross sitting in the sun to her Philadelphia parlor beaming straight down in the banner in her own lap is a scene developed by Charles H. Weisgerber, the musician and business owner whom profited through the Betsy Ross legend.
While Ross did make flags in Philadelphia within the belated 1770s, it is all but sure that the tale about her producing the flag that is american a myth.
As President Woodrow Wilson, whom presided within the first formal nationwide Flag Day on June 14, 1916, is thought to have replied when expected his thoughts from the tale: “Would so it had been real.”
Library of Congress
Much symbolism was caused by them, however the colors associated with the flag that is american never really had any type of formal imprimatur.
Myth # 2. The red, white and colors that are blue American sacrifice.
No law that is federal resolution or professional order exists supplying the official cause for the flag’s colors — or their meaning. The closest thing to a reason would be the words of Charles Thomson, the assistant associated with the Continental Congress, who was simply instrumental when you look at the design regarding the Great Seal of this usa.
Thomson’s are accountable to Congress on June 20, 1782, a single day the seal ended up being authorized, contained a description for the colors, exactly like those who work in the banner: “White signifies purity and purity. Red and Blue . Signifies vigilance, justice and perseverance.”
Various documents that are official proclamations — including one by President Ronald Reagan marking 1986 once the “12 months of this Flag” — have actually echoed that thinking.
However the colors would not have, nor have actually they ever endured, any formal imprimatur. Historians think that the utilization of red, white and blue into the Stars and Stripes is due to the inescapable fact that these people were the colors of this first flag associated with United states colonies, the Continental Colors. And there’s doubt that is little the red, white and blue associated with the Continental Colors arrived from: the Union Jack associated with the great britain.
People in the Electoral university recite the Pledge of Allegiance.
Myth number 3: The Pledge of Allegiance is definitely recited in Congress as well as other bodies that are governmental.
The pledge had been authored by mag editor Francis Bellamy in 1892 for a public that is nationwide party regarding the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus’s landing. In 1898, through the Spanish-American War, nyc became the very first state to mandate that public college students recite the Pledge of Allegiance at the start of each college time. Numerous states observed suit, additionally the pledge stayed a basic regarding the day by day routine in lots of schools until 1988, whenever it became a problem when you look at the campaign that is presidential.
Vice President George H.W. Bush criticized their opponent, Democrat Michael Dukakis, for vetoing a bill as governor of Massachusetts that will have needed the pledge become recited in public areas schools. Dukakis stated he did therefore after being encouraged that the law had been unconstitutional.
During the height associated with the campaign, on Sept. 13, 1988, the pledge ended up being recited on to the floor associated with the House of Representatives for the very first time. Republican people in the homely house, who had been within the minority, offered an answer to this effect, plus it had been accepted by Speaker Jim Wright, a Democrat. Wright ruled that there after, the pledge will be recited from the beginning of company each that the House was in session day.
The Senate failed to start day-to-day recital of this pledge until June 24, 1999. Since that time, the pledge is becoming the main opening rituals of almost all state and neighborhood bodies that are governmental.
In line with the Supreme Court, regulations banning banner burning violate free message.
Myth # 4: it really is unlawful to burn off the flag that is american.
It had been illegal until 1989, if the Supreme Court ruled 5 to 4 in Texas v. Johnson that burning the banner is a type of symbolic message protected by the initial Amendment.
The situation included Gregory Lee Johnson, member regarding the Revolutionary Communist Youth Brigade, that has burned the banner during a protest in the 1984 Republican National Convention. He had been convicted of breaking Texas’s flag-desecration legislation, fined $2,000 and sentenced to an in jail year. The Texas Court of Criminal Appeals overturned the conviction, governing that Johnson had been exercising their First Amendment straight to freedom of message.
The Supreme Court’s choice invalidated a 1968 flag-desecration that is national, also comparable guidelines in 48 states (all except Wyoming and Alaska). In reaction, Congress passed the Flag Protection Act, but that legislation has also been challenged and finished up in the Supreme Court. The court in 1990 basically affirmed its earlier ruling, stating that any law banning flag burning violated free message.
Those choices generated a movement that is national amend the Constitution in order to make banner desecration unlawful. The leading sound for the reason that effort happens to be the people Flag Alliance, that has been established in 1994 by the American Legion. Proposed amendments have actually show up regularly inside your home and Senate since that time but have actually yet to get adequate help.
This patriotic shirt absolutely violates Flag Code directions.
Myth # 5: It really is okay to put on a Stars-and-Stripes T-shirt.
The U.S. Flag Code frowns regarding the utilization of the banner “for advertising purposes.” It continues to alert up against the purchase or display of any “article of product . Upby which shall are printed, painted, connected, or perhaps placed a representation of” the banner to “advertise, phone awareness of, decorate, mark, or distinguish the substance or article on which so placed.”
Put simply, whenever you wear a banner T-shirt or cap while reclining on a us banner coastline towel near your US banner camping seat, you will be breaking the Flag Code. The code, that was used during the National that is first Flag in Washington in 1923, is component of this legislation associated with the land. However it is perhaps not enforced, neither is it enforceable. It really is just a couple of directions, permitting People in the us understand what to accomplish — and exactly just just what never to do — with our red, white and blue emblem that is national.
There is absolutely no Flag Police. You’ll not be arrested for using a flag-embossed t-shirt on Independence Day — or just about any other time of the season.